Josiah Brown Poster Abstract

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Kalonji Y. Cole
Dr. Cheryl Hoffman
Dr. Nii Koney, Carlyn Yarosh, Danielle Wenger, Dr. Vijaya Surampudi,
A Clinic Based Model to Educate Patients on Optimum Nutrition
STTP

Background:

Obesity and chronic disease such as heart disease, cancer, and type II diabetes plague many Americans today. The incidence of these diseases is decreased if there is adherence to a whole-food, plant-based diet. Currently, 50% of Americans have at least one chronic disease, and 33% are obese. Our healthcare system spends 18% of our GDP yearly treating preventable chronic disease. The typical Western diet, consisting of processed foods, saturated fats, animal protein, and low fiber, is making Americans sick. It is important for Americans to understand the medical impact of a typical western diet as compared to the medical benefits of a whole–food-plant-based diet. Recent data shows that patients spend about 20 minutes in the waiting room before their appointment. Medical professionals can utilize this time to share health and wellness information on nutrition.

Methods:

Patients at interventional radiology clinics will be asked during their waiting time if they would like to receive the most up-to-date information about nutrition. If the patients choose to participate, they will watch a 4-minute video regarding the health impact of a western and a whole-food-plant-based diet. A pre-video and post-video survey consisting of 26 questions will be obtained using an electronic questionnaire. The survey will measure the patients’ understanding of optimum nutrition and confidence in their own knowledge. The patients’ knowledge will be measured using fact based questions. Patients’ confidence will be measured using opinion-based questions answered on a scale of “strongly agree” to “strongly disagree”. Pre- and post-intervention survey responses will be compared to determine the effectiveness of the educational video.

Results:

100 patients will be given the educational questions and the video to watch. The data regarding their survey responses and their confidence will be calculated. This data will be compared with baseline characteristics such as age, height, weight, and pre-existing chronic conditions.

Discussion:

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of educating patients in a waiting room setting. This study is focused on optimum nutrition. We will use a combination of an electronic questionnaire and video to teach the patients. Other studies have demonstrated that teaching patients in the waiting room using brochures, videos, one-on-one personal teaching, or a combination of all three is an effective educational method. Potential bias and limitations include language fluidity, educational level, sample size, and preexisting interest in nutrition.

 

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