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  • Author
    Alexandria Thomas
  • Co-author

  • Title

    A Scoping Review on Homelessness in the Black Community during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Content Analysis on Equity and Justice

  • Abstract

    Background: With the well-established U.S. history of discriminatory housing patterns, the rise in home prices, and an increase in the Black-White wage gap many Black residents entered the pandemic vulnerable to eviction and homelessness. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a high level of financial burden among people who were already economically marginalized and experiencing housing precarity.

    Objectives: The objective of this study was to conduct a scoping review to fill in the information gap regarding the disproportionate financial strain of the COVID-19 pandemic on housing stability for Black communities.

    Methods: We conducted a scoping review and extracted data on study characteristics including ethnicity, pathways to homelessness, COVID-19 and homelessness, economic responses, future strategies, and an equity and justice assessment. This involved searching PubMed and other databases for eligible articles and screening said articles based on relevance as well as our inclusion and exclusion criteria.

    Results: Of the 231 studies selected for screening only 3 studies were focused on the economic insecurity due to COVID-19 for Black communities or communities of color. Additionally, the most commonly described paths to homelessness due to COVID-19 were record unemployment rates and wage loss. Impressively majority of the studies mentioned future strategies for prevention and integrated health equity and social, racial, or health justice.

    Conclusions:There are a limited number of studies in the literature regarding homelessness in the Black community as a result of COVID-19. Our limited findings suggest that in addition to the historic systemic barriers to adequate jobs and affordable housing, many Black residents are now facing job loss and financial insecurity putting them at increased risk for homelessness. The development of new economic strategies rooted in equity and justice will limit the displacement of Black residents due to COVID-19.

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